The Government of Canada believes that the total of federal and provincial-territorial taxes on cannabis products should not exceed $1.00 per gram, or 10% of the producer’s sale price of a product, and that this tax room should be shared equally between the Federal government and the Provincial government.
The proposed federal excise duty rate would be 50 cents per gram of cannabis, or 5% of the producer’s sale price of that product.
An additional rate would apply for an agreeing province or territory.
The proposed duty would apply to all cannabis products available for legal sale, including fresh and dried cannabis, cannabis oils, as well as seeds and seedlings for home cultivation.
The rate will also apply to the sale of medical cannabis.
It is important to note that excise duties are not paid directly by consumers. Rather, they are paid by manufacturers.
Cannabis product sales will be taxable under the Goods and Services Tax/Harmonized Sales Tax (GST/HST), as is currently the case for medical cannabis, for example.
The following example, provided by the government of Canada, illustrates the final price paid by consumers at a combined rate of $1.00 per gram, or 10% of the sale price:
One gram of dried cannabis
Pre-duty price: $8.00
Excise duty (per gram): $1.00
60 ml bottle of cannabis oil
Pre-duty price: $130.00
Excise duty (%): $13.00