The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) has announced on their website that a Winnipeg-based insulation company has been fined after underreporting its taxable income by more than $1 million.
The CRA’s Investigators found irregularities in the books and records of Thermo Applicators Inc., such as, that the company’s president included personal expenses in the company’s books, including construction costs for a cabin near Kenora, Ont. and a vacation home in Mexico, as well as a fly-in fishing trip. None of these are eligible tax deductions.
Thermo pleaded guilty in Manitoba provincial court on May 21 to two counts of making false or deceptive statements in the 2009-14 tax years. The court found $1,139,000 million in taxable income went unreported, in addition to the claiming of ineligible expenses.
As a result, the company is being ordered to pay $190,142 in income tax and $47,611 of sales tax that should have been withheld. In addition to paying the taxes, the company was fined $237,753.
Once penalties and interest are added to the debt dating back to 2009 the balance will shoot up well over $500,000.
This conviction is a clear reminder that failing to declare income and claiming false expenses can be very costly should the CRA perform and audit and find it.
Keep good records, report all income and claim eligible expenses.
Are you on the Canada Revenue Agencies radar? How about on the CRA’s Audit Radar? Have you been “flagged”?
Have you ever wondered how the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) decides who to audit? Are there red flags? Or does the CRA know how you operate your business which makes you more or less likely to be audited?
Here is the answer that you might be looking for;
The CRA knows who Cheats on their Taxes!
Do you fit their profile?
Are you at risk?
First, some background.
While I was still working at the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA), we released the results of a study that was put together to profile what kind of person poses the most risk for the CRA’s collections and audit groups.
The CRA spent a lot of time going through the main accounts; personal tax, payroll, GST/HST, and Corporate Tax, and we looked at who filed on time, who filed late (and how late they filed), and who was regularly compliant, and who needed a follow up verification audit, and what the result of those audits were.
This study focused on Tax Compliance, specifically;
- Percentage of Taxpayers who accurately reported income and expenses (95%)
- Percentage of Taxpayers who file on time (93%)
- Percentage of Taxpayers who made payments on time with their filing (91%).
When it comes to reporting compliance or honestly reporting all your income and/or expenses, this study found that males are more likely to underreport their tax owing than females.
The study also found that underreporting is highest among taxpayers aged 35 to 54 and lowest among taxpayers under 35.
Underreporting of tax was also lowest for taxpayers who are married and highest for those who are separated, with single taxpayers somewhere in between.
Not surprisingly, underreporting of tax is higher among taxpayers whose main source of income is either capital gains or self-employment income versus taxpayers whose main source of income is wages, where most of the tax is withheld at source by the employer.
So who is on the CRA’s radar?
The prime candidates for the CRA to audit, or perform a desk review of expenses, are the separated or divorced males between the ages of 35-54 years old.
Do you fall into that category?
If so, know that the CRA is keeping one eye on you and the other on what you report and when it is reported.
Contact us at inTAXicating, and let us help you ensure that you remain compliant, and ensure that you have the knowledge necessary to organize your records so that you can quickly and easily get through a CRA audit.
Here is an example of a case where the CRA used the criteria identified earlier to quickly descend on a taxpayer who fell behind in his filing and remitting duties.
Case: Tax Cheat? Or Disorganized Business Owner?
I was approached by a business owner who ran very loosely with his books and records. He kept a box of receipts and while most of the business receipts made the box, many got lost along the way. Additionally, this business owner charged business expenses on his personal credit card, and personal expenses on his business card. He travelled quite a lot for work, and he posted a lot of content on social media, but he failed to keep a thorough and accurate log documenting his personal versus business travel.
Additionally, because he was always on the go, had no time to review the details of the tax side of his business. He had money in his business bank account, then he knew he was earning money. At year-end, he would bring his half-completed records and his shoebox to his accountant for the preparation of his returns.
In June he would receive a refund.
A series of events, however, changed his life forever.
- His accountant began to get busy
- As a result, he was late getting payroll figures, and was late making the payroll remittance
- Then the GST/HST numbers were delayed, so that filing was late
- His personal tax filings were delayed
- His business tax filing was delayed.
- His business made money.
- While all of this was going on – he continued to send his info to the CA, and pay the CA’s invoices. He would get the odd notice from the CRA and send it to his accountant to “take care of”.
This is very typical and a common occurence.
What he didn’t know was that everything was not okay.
One day a CRA field officer showed up to discuss his non-compliance and to arrange a payroll audit because the company was 6-months behind on remittances. There was also a balance owing to the CRA of over $35,000.
Shocked, he contacted his CA who said that she would look into it, that it was going to take some time and she felt the CRA was completely wrong.
Convinced that the accountant was right, the business owner went back to work, and the accountant was going to find the error and fix the problem.
Only problem that he didn’t know was that there was no “error”. The balance owing to the CRA was legitimate. By filing late over that 6-month period, the accountant had amassed a significant balance due to late filing penalties and the balance was jumping by leaps and bounds as a result of the 10% interest the CRA charges on outstanding balances (compounding daily).
Then one day he received a call from one of his main suppliers who was concenred because not only did he cheque bounce, but there was a CRA officer there earlier in the day asking questions.
He contacted his accountant.
She appeared stunned and said that she would call the CRA and fix it.
She was just buying time.
A week later, the garnishment was still on the account, interest was accruing, and the accountant was telling stories of the CRA being unfair, and mean, and not listening or returning calls.
Frustrated and panicked that he might have to close his business without a bank account, he contacted his CA and asked for his books and records.
She refused. Realizing that this was the end of the relationship with her client, she told him that she had done a lot of work with the CRA and she demanded payment before she would give up his information.
He refused to pay – how could he? He had no access to his bank account and the CRA had taken all of his funds.
In fact, it took him 8-months and a small claims court date for this process to resolve itself. She took him to court for unpaid work, and thankfully, the judge was wise to this CA and her practices and awarded the client his books and records in return for payment of the work actually completed, not the entire invoice.
The damage was done. The business was also close to being done.
The CRA doesn’t care about the reasons why someone becomes non-compliant – they look at the business, the owner, and then set their course to fix it.
The fact that this business owner fit the category did not help him at all, as the CRA quickly and aggressively went after every asset that he had, raised assessments for the missing payroll and GST/HST figures, and sent Requirements to Pay to his business bank account, contacted his receivables (clients) and quickly moved to raise director’s liability so they could go after his personal assets.
Running a business is difficult.
Running a business without a business bank account is also difficult.
Running a business without a bank account, after the CRA notified your clients that you owe considerable amounts of tax money is next to impossible.
What killed this business was a combination of bad accounting, bad advice, lies, deception and some really bad luck.
The reality is that many, many businesses and individuals have this experience on a daily basis. It is next to impossible for the CRA to determine if the information being told to them is legitimate or a made up story – but when the owner of the business is a perfect fit for commiting tax fraud – the CRA takes notice.
Could this have been fixed? Of course.
If you owe money to the CRA, or if you have fallen behind on compliance, or if you suspect that your tax advisor is giving you bad advice, contact us now. At inTAXicating, we’ll look at the facts, and help you run your business while we work on solving the problem.
Visit our website @ www.intaxicating.ca.
Send us an email to: Info@intaxicating.ca
The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) announced that James Harvey Cameron, a former resident of Calgary, has been sentenced to 11 years in jail and fined $550,892 after defrauding investors of over $2.5 million through a deceptive investment scheme. The judge also ordered Cameron, 66, to pay restitution of $1,831,700 to his victims.
If Mr. Cameron fails to pay his fine in six months he will have to serve an additional four years in jail for default.
From 2002-2006, Cameron operated a fraudulent RRSP scheme which promised a 2% monthly return to individual investors. The scheme raised just under $8 million, but only paid out a total of $882,000 to investors. Cameron misappropriated the funds to support his luxurious lifestyle, including buying property, cars, a horse, and a $75,000 cruise in the Bahamas. He also transferred funds offshore to Barbados.
A Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) investigation proved that Cameron diverted $3.9 million of the investors’ funds for his own use and failed to report this as income on his tax returns, evading $1,132,882 in taxes.
“I have no doubt whatsoever that [Cameron] executed a deceptive investment scheme with subjective knowledge of the prohibited act and consequences,” said presiding judge, Justice P.R. Jeffrey, in his written reasons for convicting Cameron. “The CRA acted towards him with considerable patience, forbearance and fairness. He was given ample opportunity to provide to CRA any plausible alternate explanation for what occurred, yet did not.”
Justice Jeffrey commented in his sentencing report: “The $1,831,700 I have ordered payable in restitution should be subtracted from his [Cameron] total taxable income… therefore I find his taxable income to have been $2,118,817.”
Cameron was convicted of tax evasion under the Income Tax Act and fraud under the Criminal Code.
Sentencing took place today at the Court of Queen’s Bench in Calgary.
You can report suspected tax evasion to the CRA by visiting https://www.canada.ca/en/revenue-agency/programs/about-canada-revenue-agency-cra/informant-leads-program.html or by calling the National Leads Centre at 1-866-809-6841.
All case-specific information in this news release was obtained from the court records.
Did you know that between April 1, 2012, and March 31, 2017, total domestic and offshore related criminal investigations have resulted in 408 convictions involving $122 million in federal tax evaded and court sentences totaling approximately $44 million in court fines and 3,103 months in jail?
The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) has announced that James Harvey Cameron, from Calgary, was criminally convicted on March 28th of creating and operating a fraudulent RRSP scheme.
According to court documents, from 2002 to 2006, Cameron was the master-mind behind a fraudulent RRSP scheme through which he diverted $2.5 million of investors’ funds for his own use. He also failed to report the money as taxable income, evading federal taxes totalling $673,871.
The CRA considers these offenses serious, and the courts found Cameron guilty of tax evasion and fraud.
A date for a sentencing hearing has yet to be set, but is likely to take place between April 24 and May 12, 2017.
The CRA is encouraging victims of Cameron’s fraud who wish to appear at the sentencing hearing to seek restitution or make a victim impact statement to contact the Public Prosecution Service of Canada at 403-299-3978 by April 20th.
As a former Canada Revenue Agency Business Collections employee – almost 11-years – from collector to Resource Officer and Manager, I understand the fear people have when they receive calls from the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA).
I also understand how scary it is when someone calls you, or leaves a recorded message for you, claiming to be from the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA), and demanding payment with threats of jail or immediate legal actions. I’ve been called as have many of my clients.
With a little knowledge and understanding of the CRA and the people who work there, I am going to list 10 signs that every Canadian needs to be made aware of in order to not be caught up in this scheme.
10 Facts Every Canadian NEEDS to Know About the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA)
10. Yelling and Screaming are NOT permitted, nor tolerated.
Regardless of what you have heard or experienced, the people who work in the Canada Revenue Agency are everyday people like you and I. If we yelled and screamed at our “client base” we would be disciplined or fired. They are no different.
9. Threats are NOT allowed.
The staff at the CRA will not threaten you with jail time, to send in the Sheriff, have you deported or to take every penny that you have. Even is the call is not a scam you do not have to tolerate any threats from anyone at the CRA.
If you have been evading the paying of taxes, you already know that you could be charged and that jail time is possible. Any other type of collection action usually comes with pre-warning by a letter, Notice of Assessment or is started once you file / pay your taxes.
The CRA will not seize your principal residence! Your cottage, rental properties, maybe, but house you and your kids live in… No.
8. The Element of Surprise
If the call catches you by surprise, AND the person on the end of the phone is screaming at you, threatening to take your
7. Ask Questions.
In the instance you get a live person on the phone and they are trying to give you a hard time and force you to pay money, turn the conversation back to them and ask lots of questions. Ask them what the account number / social insurance number is, what periods or years the debt relates to (the debt they want you to pay). Ask them for a break-down of the total tax owing and the amount of penalties and interest – either the total amount or broken down by period or year. (They have this at their finger tips). Ask them what Tax Office they are calling from, and what the address and phone number is at that office. Ask them to send you a remittance voucher so that you can make that payment at the bank.
Tell them that while you would love to speak to them, you have an accountant who handles all your tax information and you would like to take down their information so your representative can call them back.
5. Do NOT Agree to Pay anything over the phone!
This rule applies not only to the CRA but to anyone else who ever calls your home / phone asking for money. Never, ever make a payment over the phone with your credit card.
4. Receipt Please!
If you are self-employed, you understand the importance of getting and keeping receipts. Why would you buy a pre-paid gift card or charge card to send to some stranger who is not going to give you a receipt for payment?
The CRA has recently allowed payment of some taxes by credit / debit card. They will likely NEVER accept payment via gift cards, etc.
3. If you get such a call, hang up and report it to the Canadian Anti-Fraud Centre
The Canadian Anti-Fraud Centre can be found online at http://www.antifraudcentre-centreantifraude.ca or toll free at 1-888-495-8501.
If you believe you may be the victim of fraud or have given personal or financial information unwittingly, contact your local police service.
2. Confirm, Confirm, Confirm.
If you want to confirm the authenticity of a CRA telephone number, call the CRA by using the numbers on its Telephone numbers page. The number for business-related calls is 1-800-959-5525. The number for calls about individual concerns is 1-800-959-8281
1. The CRA NEVER…
Requests prepaid credit cards;
Asks for information about your passport, health card, or driver’s licence;
Leaves personal information on your answering machine!
Asks you to leave a message containing your personal information on an answering machine.
Emails seeking information or asking for payment.
So when in doubt, ask yourself the following questions:
Is there a reason that the CRA may be calling?
Do I have a tax balance outstanding?
Is the requester asking for information I would not include with my tax return?
Is the requester asking for information I know the CRA already has on file for me?
Are they too mean / demanding / aggressive?
It’s always better to defer the conversation than make the mistake of giving information or money to criminals.
The following news items was released by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) on September 8, 2015, regarding a former Tax preparer from Vaughan, Ontario, who was convicted of Tax Fraud for adding fictitious deductions to 4,200 tax returns from 2003 – 2005. She was sentenced to 10-years in jail and fined almost $700,000.
The news release read:
“The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) announced today that Ms. Doreen Tennina was extradited to Canada from Italy on September 4, 2015, and is now in custody serving a 10-year sentence for tax fraud.
On May 31, 2013, Ms. Tennina was found guilty in the Superior Court of Justice in Oshawa, Ontario, on two counts of fraud over $5,000 under the Criminal Code and was sentenced in absentia to the maximum period of 10 years in jail on each count to be served concurrently. A news release publicizing Ms. Tennina’s conviction and sentence was issued on June 4, 2013.
Ms. Tennina, a former Vaughan, Ontario tax preparer, fraudulently claimed carrying charges and charitable donations totaling $58,500,000 in 4,200 tax returns prepared on behalf of her clients from 2003 to 2005, inclusive. The false claims reduced the amount of federal taxes owed by over $10 million. She was also ordered to pay a fine of $699,608 for causing her company, Executive Accounting, to fail to report income received from the tax evasion scheme.
The preceding information was obtained from the court records.
Taxpayers who claim false expenses, credits or rebates from the government are subject to serious consequences. They are liable not only for corrections to their tax returns and payment of the full amount of tax owing, but also to penalties and interest. In addition, if convicted of tax evasion, the court may impose jail time and fine them up to 200% of the tax evaded.”
Remember, taxpayers who have not filed returns for previous years, or who have not reported all of their income, can still voluntarily correct their tax affairs if the CRA has not contacted them first for the returns. If applicable, the Voluntary Disclosure Program (VDP) allows for filing / amended filing without penalty or prosecution provided the disclosure is full and complete. These taxpayers may only have to pay the taxes owing, plus interest.
More information on the Voluntary Disclosures Program (VDP) can be found on the CRA’s website at www.cra.gc.ca/voluntarydisclosures.
A link to the news release is below;